health and care
Hygiene is a key part of your pet's daily care routine, and that applies to both dogs and cats.
It is crucial for their health and makes living with humans so much easier.
Complete hygiene includes taking care of your pet's eyes and ears.
An animal's eyes are one of its most exposed and sensitive parts, especially in dogs. Good eye hygiene is important, not only for visual purposes, but also to prevent infections. Dogs are constantly in contact with the floor, dust and sand, which means their eyes can easily get dirty and scratched.
Rheum (or sleep) can build up around the eyes of both dogs and cats, so it is a good idea to remove it with a suitable cleaner, ideally one that can be used every day like Ocucan Toby.
There are times when your pets need more specific eye care: due to an irritation or dry eye syndrome, for instance. When this happens, it is advisable to use moisturizing drops to help restore their natural tear balance, such as Ocucan Rufus with hyaluronic acid.
Another area that needs special attention, especially in dogs, is their ears. Ear hygiene should be addressed at least once a week. It is extremely helpful to prevent diseases, pain and discomfort for your pet. Keep in mind that it is important to use products that are effective but also kind to your pet's skin. Using a cleaner like Ocucan Rex ensures that your dog's or cat's ears are in clean, healthy condition with no risk of irritation.
As well as looking after their eyes and ears, there are other things you can
do to keep them healthy.
Both dogs and cats need their fur to be brushed on a regular basis, regardless of how long it is.
If they are long-haired, frequent brushing will prevent knots and matting. If they are short-haired, brushing helps to remove dirt from their fur.
In cats, brushing also prevents them from swallowing fur balls when they lick themselves clean, which can build up in their stomachs making them vomit or causing constipation. This naturally affects long-haired cats more seriously and may even require a trip to the vet.
Bathing is essential for dogs, and also for cats, though the frequency will vary depending largely on how active they are and how much time they spend outdoors.
Their bath water should, of course, be warm and it is important to use special animal soaps because a dog's pH of 6 to 7.5 is higher than a human's at 5.5. Another priority to look out for are shampoos for dogs and cats that are free from parabens and additives which can cause irritation and allergies.
Remember to dry your pet carefully (using a hairdryer if necessary) to prevent them from catching a cold or germs.
The best way to prevent plaque in cats and dogs is to brush their teeth three times a week. There are special toothpicks and other animal care products such as enzyme toothpaste to reduce plaque. Some dry food brands make the biscuits a certain size and structure so plaque gets dragged away as the dog chews.
You should also keep an eye on your dog's nails, which need cutting regularly, including their "thumb" nail or dewclaw. This requires a special nail clipper and is best done when your pet feels relaxed. Cats' nails should only be clipped if they live in the house to prevent your pet from sharpening their nails on the furniture or curtains. If they spend time outdoors, however, cutting their nail's is not advisable as they are a cat's main defence mechanism and are essential for climbing trees or walls.
In any case, the best idea is to ask a vet about the most suitable health and hygiene habits to keep your pet in peak condition. Your vet can also
tell you which products to use.
For cats and dogs
2-3 times daily
At least once per month. Once per fortnight when ears are very dirty
Once per month
Once daily or every two days
Once per month